Language – learn some Italian

Here is a list of some words and phrases that can help you as a tourist.

A few words to get you started
Hello – Ciao
Good morning – Buon giorno
Good evening – Buona sera
Good night – Buona notte
Excuse – Scusa
Sorry – Scusi (formal, used, for example when dealing with older people)
Please – Per favore
Thank you – Thanks
You are welcome – I am praying (use as “You're welcome” after someone says thank you)
Soon – I'm ready (use as “Hello” when someone calls on the phone)

In Stores, the restaurant etc.
How much? – Quanto costa?
Where is? – Dove é ?
Where is the bathroom, please? – Dove é il bagno, per favore?
The account, please. – Il conto, per favore.

False friends
Pepperoni – Paprika (not pepperoni sausage)
Farina – Mel (no sugar)

How to pronounce words?
A Norwegian who reads Italian will actually pronounce mostly quite right. Yet there are some exceptions. These exceptions are described below, the rest can be read more or less as the Norwegian.

(Italian text [so it pronounced])

Vocals:
The [O]
O [to]

Rules for konsonantene C and G:
Both of these consonants can be soft ([tsj] and [DSJ]) or harsh ([k] and [g]) depending on the first subsequent letter. If the first letter after C or G is
– a consonant, then they pronounced the hard way ([k] and [g]).
– A, O eller U (dark vocals), then they pronounced the hard way ([k] and [g]).
– E eller I (bright vocals), they will be pronounced on the soft way ([tsj] and [DSJ]).
H used before I or E to obtain hard form. H'en should not even pronounce.
In used before A, O or O for soft form. Mirande shall not even pronounce.
Double consonants CC or GG gets hard or soft form in the same manner as above, depending on the first subsequent letter.

Other rules for pronunciation:
The [SEND]
gn [nj]
H [ ] (speechless)
from [ts]

Examples of pronunciation:

One [onå] – in
Cat [Gatta] – Cat
Eat [mandsjare] – To eat
Genoa [Dsjenåva] – by i Italia
Hello [Tsja] – and
That [The] – what
Price [tsjena] – dinner
Chitignano [Kitinjanå] – Landsby nær La Tornaia 🙂
Lasagne [lasagna]
Is [to] – you get
sugar [Tsukkerå] – sugar